Part one is about China, where a one child policy is currently in place (except for some exceptions which I will discuss later). The policy was introduced in 1979 to alleviate the problem that a booming population was causing, it was and still is, very controversial. Some people believe that it is a persons inalienable right to have children, others worry about the problems that this will cause in terms of an "ageing population". In China people over the age of 60 now account for 13.3% of the population, people under the age of 14 equals 16%, and year-on-year population growth stands at 0.57%.
Pros and Cons
- China's "one child" policy is the key to stabilising the global population. Global population is considered by many to be the crisis of our times - do you agree that by the China's government upholding this law that they are leading the way for a stable future?
- China estimates that it would have three to four hundred million more people today were it not for the policy.
- One child policy forestalls problems associated with overpopulation such as slums, overwhelmed social services, strain on ecosystems and epidemics.
- Condoms/better sex education is a better way of controlling the population. Countries such as Indonesia and Thailand simply increased access levels to contraceptives and have managed to cut their fertility level. Is this better than government enforced policy?
- Extreme overpopulation warrants extreme policy? Do desperate times call for desperate measures
- One child generally improves the living standard of the Chinese.
- China gives exemptions from "one child" in special circumstances. In the countryside, if the first child is a girl then the couple is allowed to have a second. In the city, the law is absolute.
- "One child" policy violates the rights to reproduce and found a family. But is this everybody's inalienable right?
- China often forces abortions on women, violating human rights.
- China's forced sterilisation is cruel and violates rights.
- The policy increases health care benefits for women.
- One child liberates women to concentrate more on their careers and on their own lives.
- One child policy causes the abortion of daughters, and thus a demographic shift.
- One child will create a generation of men without women to marry/partner.
These are just some of the categories with pros and cons in them. Others you might think about are whether the policy is good for living children in China, how it effects economics and whether it is truly beneficial to the environment.
At the moment China is in the process of replacing it's government and choosing those who will be in power for the next ten years, one of the key questions is whether the one child policy should be scrapped. What do you think? Is it fair?
Part Two is fairly simple and more questions than explanation.
- Do you believe that there should be a cap on children throughout the rest of the world?
- Would Western Populations "stand for it"?
- How are we to sustain the population growth?
- Do you believe that it is a human right to have children?
- Is sterilisation a direct infringement of human rights?
- Should religion have any say in something that is gravely affecting our world?
- Is sex education and better access to contraceptives/health care a better way forward?
Just a few thoughts...